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- Use of contraception in the United States: 1982-2008.Vital Health Stat 23. 2010; : 1-44
- The epidemiology of venous thromboembolism.Circulation. 2003; 107: I4-I8
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- Enhancement by factor V Leiden mutation of risk of deep-vein thrombosis associated with oral contraceptives containing a third-generation progestagen.Lancet. 1995; 346: 1593-1596
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- Hormonal contraception and risk of venous thromboembolism: national follow-up study.BMJ. 2009; 339: b2890
- All progestins are not created equal.Steroids. 2003; 68: 879-890
- Progestogens used in postmenopausal hormone therapy: differences in their pharmacological properties, intracellular actions, and clinical effects.Endocr Rev. 2013; 34: 171-208
- The effects of seven monophasic oral contraceptive regimens on hemostatic variables: conclusions from a large randomized multicenter study.Contraception. 2003; 67: 173-185
- Increased risk of venous thrombosis in oral-contraceptive users who are carriers of factor V Leiden mutation.Lancet. 1994; 344: 1453-1457
- Effect of second- and third-generation oral contraceptives on the protein C system in the absence or presence of the factor V Leiden mutation: a randomized trial.Blood. 2004; 103: 927-933
- Assessing the risk of venous thromboembolic events in women taking progestin-only contraception: a meta-analysis.BMJ. 2012; 345: e4944
- The pharmacokinetics and efficacy of different estrogens are not equivalent.Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2001; 184: 255-263
- Hormone therapy and venous thromboembolism among postmenopausal women: impact of the route of estrogen administration and progestogens: the ESTHER Study.Circulation. 2007; 115: 840-845
- Mechanisms of estrogen-induced venous thromboembolism.Thromb Res. 2010; 126: 5-11
- Sex hormone-binding globulin: not a surrogate marker for venous thromboembolism in women using oral contraceptives.Contraception. 2008; 78: 201-203
- Can changes in sex hormone binding globulin predict the risk of venous thromboembolism with combined oral contraceptive pills?.Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2002; 81: 482-490
- Hormonal contraception and venous thromboembolism.Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2012; 91: 769-778
- Obesity and hormonal contraception: safety and efficacy.Semin Reprod Med. 2012; 30: 479-485
- Contraceptive considerations in obese women.Contraception. 2009; 80: 583-590
- Risk of venous thromboembolism among users of oral contraceptives: a review of two recently published studies.J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care. 2010; 36: 33-38
- Is polycystic ovary syndrome another risk factor for venous thromboembolism? United States, 2003–2008.Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2012; 207: 377.e1-377.e8
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- Contraceptive technology.Ardent Media, New York2008
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- The safety of a drospirenone-containing oral contraceptive: final results from the European Active Surveillance Study on Oral Contraceptives based on 142,475 women-years of observation.Contraception. 2007; 75: 344-354
- Cardiovascular and general safety of a 24-day regimen of drospirenone-containing combined oral contraceptives: final results from the International Active Surveillance Study of Women Taking Oral Contraceptives.Contraception. 2014; 89: 253-263
- A clinical guide for contraception.Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia2010
- Recurrent use of newer oral contraceptives and the risk of venous thromboembolism.Hum Reprod. 2000; 15: 817-821
- Effects of switching from oral to transdermal or transvaginal contraception on markers of thrombosis.Contraception. 2008; 78: 451-458
- Could preferential prescribing and referral behaviour of physicians explain the elevated thrombosis risk found to be associated with third generation oral contraceptives?.Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 1996; 5: 285-294
- Venous thromboembolism among new users of different oral contraceptives.Lancet. 1999; 354: 127-128
- Oral contraceptives and venous thromboembolic disease: the findings from database studies in the United Kingdom and Germany.Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1998; 179: s78-s86
- The increased risk of venous thromboembolism and the use of third generation progestagens: role of bias in observational research.Contraception. 1996; 54: 5-13
- Population-based study of risk of venous thromboembolism associated with various oral contraceptives.Lancet. 1997; 349: 83-88
- Risk of non-fatal venous thromboembolism in women using oral contraceptives containing drospirenone compared with women using oral contraceptives containing levonorgestrel: case-control study using United States claims data.BMJ. 2011; 342: d2151
- Risk of venous thromboembolism in users of oral contraceptives containing drospirenone or levonorgestrel: nested case-control study based on UK General Practice Research Database.BMJ. 2011; 342: d2139
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- Comparison of ethinylestradiol pharmacokinetics in three hormonal contraceptive formulations: the vaginal ring, the transdermal patch and an oral contraceptive.Contraception. 2005; 72: 168-174
- Further results on the risk of nonfatal venous thromboembolism in users of the contraceptive transdermal patch compared to users of oral contraceptives containing norgestimate and 35 μg of ethinyl estradiol.Contraception. 2007; 76: 4-7
- Postmarketing study of ORTHO EVRA® and levonorgestrel oral contraceptives containing hormonal contraceptives with 30 mcg of ethinyl estradiol in relation to nonfatal venous thromboembolism.Contraception. 2010; 81: 16-21
- Risk of nonfatal venous thromboembolism in women using a contraceptive transdermal patch and oral contraceptives containing norgestimate and 35 μg of ethinyl estradiol.Contraception. 2006; 73: 223-228
- Extended case-control study results on thromboembolic outcomes among transdermal contraceptive users.Contraception. 2010; 81: 408-413
- Venous thromboembolism, myocardial infarction, and stroke among transdermal contraceptive system users.Obstet Gynecol. 2007; 109: 339-346
- Venous thrombosis in users of non-oral hormonal contraception: follow-up study, Denmark 2001-10.BMJ. 2012; 344: e2990
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- Effects of oral and transdermal hormonal contraception on vascular risk markers: a randomized controlled trial.Obstet Gynecol. 2008; 111: 278-284
- Effects of transdermal and oral contraceptives on estrogen-sensitive hepatic proteins.Contraception. 2006; 74: 293-296
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- Cardiovascular risk associated with the use of an etonogestrel-containing vaginal ring.Obstet Gynecol. 2013; 122: 800-808
- Oral Contraceptives and venous thromboembolism consensus opinion from an International Workshop held in Berlin, Germany in December 2009.J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care. 2010; 36: 117-122
- Factors affecting mortality in a large cohort study with special reference to oral contraceptive use.Contraception. 2010; 82: 221-229
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Disclosure: See last page of the article.